Category Archives: Hocking Hills

Anatomy of a Sunrise

Almost always the best nature and landscape photographs are captured in what I like to call “the margins of the day,” that being dawn and dusk. Even an hour before sunrise and an hour after sunset, when most photographers aren’t up or have packed away their gear for the day, the beauty of gradual light enhances the natural subject.

The following Pictures You Can Hear video and images were captured on the morning of October 20, 2009 at The Inn at Cedar Falls, in Hocking Hills, Ohio.

The sacredness of the light. To crunch about in the woods. To take in sunrise on the hilltop and then marvel at the sight of the Milky Way after nightfall. These are the visual gifts that feed the spirit and move the soul.

When all else in the “outside world” is ripping at the seams and falling in tatters, it is comforting to know that all is well, and right, in nature and at The Inn at Cedar Falls.

Fall Sunrise at The Inn at Cedar Falls by Jim Crotty

Fall Sunrise at The Inn at Cedar Falls by Jim Crotty

Fall Sunrise at The Inn at Cedar Falls by Jim Crotty

Fall Sunrise at The Inn at Cedar Falls by Jim Crotty

Fall Sunrise at The Inn at Cedar Falls by Jim Crotty

Fall Sunrise at The Inn at Cedar Falls by Jim Crotty

Fall Sunrise at The Inn at Cedar Falls by Jim Crotty

Photo Published on Cover of Ohio State Parks Magazine

I’m happy to announce that one of my photographs has once again made the cover of Ohio State Parks Magazine. The most recent issue – fall/winter 2009 – features an image I captured while in Hocking Hills State Park during a weekend in early November. I was there with my two favorite fellow sojourners when venturing out to the woodlands and hollows of Hocking, my daughters Emma and Chloe. Over the last five years this is the fourth issue one of my photographs was selected for the cover of Ohio State Parks.

Ohio State Parks Magazine Fall 2009 with Photograph by Jim Crotty
Ohio State Parks Magazine Fall 2009 with Photograph by Jim Crotty

With all the emphasis currently on our system of National Parks, thanks to another exceptional series airing on PBS by Ken Burns, it’s easy to overlook the beauty and the gifts offered through our local and state parks. I’ve visited and photographed many National Parks, including Great Smoky, Grand Teton, Glacier, Zion, Capital Reef, Bryce, Arches, Canyonlands and Rocky Mountain. All of these strikingly beautiful parks present natural scenery that is beyond breathtaking, there’s no doubt. However, it’s the local, visual treasures found here in my home state of Ohio where my creative spirit and nature-loving soul feels the most at home. Especially Hocking Hills. That’s where my love for nature and landscape photography first took flight during a winter hike with the nature photography club from the Dayton Museum of Natural History (now Boonshoft), so long ago when I was 13 years old.

The State Parks in Ohio are now under a considerable amount of pressure to reduce services and cut costs. It’s a shame. If our National Parks are truly “America’s best idea,” (did you know that Ohio has a National Park ? It’s Cuyahoga, between Cleveland and Akron) then state and local parks and natural areas are the second best idea. In some ways these smaller versions of their big cousins are even more important to protect and preserve due to the fact that they represent places where most people make “first contact” with the beauty and wonder of nature. I’ve always said that the City of Dayton’s best recreational asset is the Five Rivers MetroParks. Considering the shrinking population and economic base in the Dayton area, we are VERY fortunate to have a relatively large number of local parks which are easily accessible, well-managed and each in their own way, provide the essential connection to the healing powers of our natural environment.

New Book and Magazine Released Featuring Jim Crotty Photography

My most recent release via the Blurb.com bookstore – “Renewal,” featuring spring photography of landscapes in both Hocking Hills State Park of Ohio and Great Smoky Mountain National Park in Tennessee. This volume is available in both softcover and hardcover formats as an 8″x10″ coffee-table style book, perfect for office lobbies or home. In addition to presenting stunning nature and landscape photographs from these scenic areas of Appalachia the book also includes an introspective essay titled “Life’s Lessons Learned on the Trail to Ramsay Cascade.” This was an article I drafted shortly after my May excursion to The Smokies and provides some insight on how life experiences are often paralleled in the most simple journeys through the natural landscape. The price for the soft-cover version is $29.95, not including shipping.

Cover image of Renewal nature photography book by Jim Crotty
Cover image of Renewal nature photography book by Jim Crotty

I’m also pleased to announce the first issue of what I hope to become a regular series of self-published magazines, titled “The Poet’s Eye.” This 24-page, 8.5×11 publication includes a brief introduction about the work presented and select images representing a particular subject, location or photographic technique. This, the first issue, features my recent work with converting high dynamic range photographs to monochrome – black and white – fine art images. The cost per issue is $7.84.

The Poet's Eye Photography Magazine by Jim Crotty
The Poet's Eye Photography Magazine by Jim Crotty

If you’re a regular user of Facebook there is a group page for Jim Crotty Photography. I often post new images and information regarding published images, commercial photography assignments and my photography workshops to this interactive group page which also allows followers to post their information and comments. Check it out.

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Capturing a Falling Star with Digital Photography

Those in Dayton with an interest in photography could very well be presented with an opportunity to expand their image making skills next week. The evening of August 12th will see nature’s fireworks – the annual return of the Perseid Meteor Shower. This cosmic display of flashing fire and rock through the Earth’s upper atmosphere is the biggest meteor shower of the year.

Many amateur photographers tend to limit their cameras to the more common subjects that we see around us everyday – nature, landscapes, wildlife, flowers, friends and family. However, with just the simple addition of a sturdy tripod and making use of the time exposure settings of most of today’s point and shoot digital cameras, photographers can capture on digital sensor a “falling star,” and with the Perseids just one photograph could easily contain several flashing trails of meteorites.

Photographing meteor showers is often the first step into the realm of “astrophotography” – the photography of night sky objects ranging from the Moon, the planets, nebula, star clusters and distant galaxies. But with photographing meteorites the difference is in the gear required. Most of the other subjects requiring the attaching of a digital camera body to a telescope through the use of mounting adapters, and then the tracking mechanism on the telescope (also known as a motor drive) has to be carefully aligned so that it tracks exactly with the rotation of the Earth. Deep sky subjects often require exposures of an hour or more, oftentimes multiple exposures that are later “merged” or combined together.

Meteorites speeding through the sky need just a basic camera body – either 35mm SLR or fixed-lens, point and shoot – and either a normal or wide angle lens, usually anything from 28 to 55mm, or a zoom in the range. The camera will need to offer the photographer the ability to manually select both shutter speed and aperture, which is usually the “M” setting. Attempting astrophotography in any type of “auto” exposure mode will not work, primarily due to the fact that the source of light that the camera meter is attempting to adjust to is simply too small or dim.

Any type of time exposure that is longer than 1/30th of a second will require the camera to be set-up on a tripod. Hand-holding the camera simply will not work and result in lots of little, indistinguishable blurry lights in darkness. A cable release from the camera’s shutter button is also a good idea so that all possible hand contact with the camera, during the exposure, is avoided. Also be careful to set your tripod on a sturdy surface, such as pavement or hard ground. Many people make the mistake of setting their tripod for night exposures on a porch deck or walkway. Even the smallest step from you or anyone else nearby will shake the camera during the exposure.

Aperture settings should be as wide as possible, such as 2.8 or 3.5, so as to allow as much light in as possible. It’s also a good idea to turn the auto-focus feature off and pre-focus on a distant tree or house on the horizon. If the focus is still on more nearby objects the stars and meteors will once again be blurry.

The longest shutter speed setting should be used for meteors, which on most cameras is 30 seconds. Here again you will want to be in a setting that is FAR away from house, street and city lights.

For the Perseids on August 12 the best time of night will be midnight and after. That’s when most of the meteor activity takes place. Rather than fumble in the dark with camera and tripod, try setting your gear up before sundown. Direct your camera and lens toward the northeast horizon, which after midnight will be the “epicenter” of the Perseid meteor activity. When the time comes just starting taking your exposures, one after the other, 30 seconds for each. The odds will be excellent that you will capture a streaking light of one or more meteorites.

With exposures that are 20 seconds or more the stars will begin to “trail,” meaning they look like little, curved lines dotting the sky versus pinpoints of perfect starlight. That’s okay, because when a meteor comes through it will be in a completely different direction than the lines of the stars, thus making a nice and noticeable difference between star and “falling star.”

Another tip is to try to include a telling (but not too intrusive) foreground element within the frame of the picture, such as a tree or treeline. A certain amount of depth and interest will be added to the final photograph that contains the meteor. However, it’s important to be aware of any possible man-made light that could be falling on the tree or trees. With just the faintest, far away street light the trees will “glow” within the time exposure and make your nighttime exposure tend to look unnatural as well as distract the viewer’s eye away from the primary subject.

Although the chances are good that photographers can photograph one or two of the brighter meteors of the Perseid shower within the limits of Dayton and surrounding suburbs, the best thing to do is drive as far out into a rural location as possible. The further away from intrusive light pollution the better, and will often double or triple the number of meteorites seen and photographed.

Closer to Dayton is John Bryan State Park, in Greene County. The Miami Valley Astronomical Society maintains an observatory in this location because it’s just far away from urban lights to allow for good night sky conditions.

Another option is to take the opportunity of this rare celestial event for a short trip to Hocking Hills State Park in Southeastern Ohio, just a two hour drive east of Dayton. The night sky in this part of the state is some of the darkest to be found within easy travel distance from the Montgomery County area.

Hocking Hills is so popular with amateur astronomers and astrophotographers that both Getaway Cabins and The Inn at Cedar Falls, which both offer superb overnight accommodations, include separate sections on their web sites for stargazers. There is nothing like the thrill of seeing the night sky with all the glory of the Milky Way when standing on the hilltop behind The Inn at Cedar Falls. The Perseids will surely look their best from that particular vantage point.

This year viewers and photographers will have the added benefit of a Moon that is not full on the evening of the Perseid Meteor Shower. The only other thing to do is to hope for clear weather, but even if the conditions aren’t good on the evening the 12th, there will still be sections of the meteor event visible a couple of nights prior and after.

Late summer has arrived with the grand show of the Perseids. With just a tripod and a some time exposures amateur photographers in the Dayton area will be able to capture with camera this amazing show.

For more information, please see http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2009/31jul_perseids2009.htm